Ποῦτιν καὶ Ἐρντογὰν ὅλο καὶ αὐξάνουν τὰ πεδία συνεργασίας τους.

Ποῦτιν καὶ Ἐρντογὰν ὅλο καὶ αὐξάνουν τὰ πεδία συνεργασίας τους.Στα 100 δισεκατομμύρια δολάρια στοχεύουν να φτάσει το εμπόριο μεταξύ Ρωσσίας και Τουρκίας ο Πούτιν με τον Ερντογάν.

Προσοχή λοιπόν με τους γελοίους Πορφυροσταφυλάδες που διαδίδουν ψεύτικα ρεπορτάζ για να παραπλανούν τους αναγνώστες και να μαζεύουν κλικ με μαϊμού ειδήσεις.

«The parties will give priority to the goal of increasing the volume of bilateral trade to $100 billion. Putin and Erdoğan had set a goal by which Turkey and Russia would grow bilateral trade to $100 billion within five years during a meeting in January 2010 at the Kremlin. However, the goal was revised and the deadline was extended to 2020; bilateral trade is now expected to be $32-33 billion by the end of 2014. Exports from Turkey to Russia amount to $6 billion; this is 20 percent less than last year’s figure.
Barriers to trade with Russia should be removed
Russia, which stopped importing food products from Western countries due to sanctions over the Ukrainian crisis, has opened its door to importing fruits and vegetables, dairy products, fish and meat from Turkey. Despite the fact that 100 days have passed since the imposition of economic sanctions, there has not been any improvement in bilateral trade. The barriers to trade between the two countries will likely be removed via the summit to ensure an increase in exports from Turkey to Russia. Ankara’s demands will include greater attention to the problems Turkish exporters experience in trade with Russia. But despite problems, commercial ties between Turkey and Russia are in good standing. Mutual investments exceed $15 billion. However, political relations experience serious problems.»

Σίγμα

Putin’s Turkey visit: cooperation in trade, discord in foreign policy

Russian President Vladimir Putin will pay an official visit to Ankara on Dec. 1 to attend a meeting of the High Level Cooperation Council (ÜDİK), which serves as a joint cabinet for Russia and Turkey. During the one-day visit, the two parties will discuss economic and commercial relations, energy projects, developments in the tourism sector as well as regional and international issues.

Previously at ÜDİK, which institutionalized the countries’ bilateral relations in 2010, the prime minister represented Turkey. But now, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan will join the meeting where executive matters will be discussed. The meeting will be reportedly held at the controversial Ak Saray “palace”. Putin will become the first head of state to be hosted at the new presidential palace after a visit from Pope Francis.

The parties will give priority to the goal of increasing the volume of bilateral trade to $100 billion. Putin and Erdoğan had set a goal by which Turkey and Russia would grow bilateral trade to $100 billion within five years during a meeting in January 2010 at the Kremlin. However, the goal was revised and the deadline was extended to 2020; bilateral trade is now expected to be $32-33 billion by the end of 2014. Exports from Turkey to Russia amount to $6 billion; this is 20 percent less than last year’s figure.

Barriers to trade with Russia should be removed

Russia, which stopped importing food products from Western countries due to sanctions over the Ukrainian crisis, has opened its door to importing fruits and vegetables, dairy products, fish and meat from Turkey. Despite the fact that 100 days have passed since the imposition of economic sanctions, there has not been any improvement in bilateral trade. The barriers to trade between the two countries will likely be removed via the summit to ensure an increase in exports from Turkey to Russia. Ankara‘s demands will include greater attention to the problems Turkish exporters experience in trade with Russia. But despite problems, commercial ties between Turkey and Russia are in good standing. Mutual investments exceed $15 billion. However, political relations experience serious problems.

Possible price reduction in natural gas

Cooperation in the field of energy is another issue that is a priority in Turey and Russia’s bilateral relations. Turkey is asking for 3 billion cubic meters of increase in the amount of natural gas through the Blue Stream pipeline, and for a price reduction in the contract for same, which will be renewed early next year. Any price reduction, however, will not change the final price for consumers in Turkey as it will be used to address deficits. Nevertheless, this demand for a price reduction will most likely not be honored, because Russia’s Duma levies taxes for the transportation of natural gas through the Blue Stream. Turkey is also concerned about any reduction in the amount of natural gas in the Western Line due to the crisis in Ukraine. Ankara will ask for measures to avoid any reductions in the provision of gas to the country.

Progress in nuclear plant project

There is some progress with regard to the nuclear plant Russia will build in Mersin-Akkuyu. The relevant legal background has been laid down for the construction process. The two leaders will discuss the most recent developments and details on the nuclear plant project. Russia has also noted that they are eager to assist with the construction of Turkey’s third nuclear plant as well.

One of the areas of potential growth in relations between Turkey and Russia is tourism. Turkey allows Russian tourists to stay two months in Turkey without a visa, whereas Russia allows Turkish visitors to stay a month. Turkey will ask Russia to increase the length of the Turkish visitors’ stay to two months. The number of Russian visitors in Turkey will reach 5 million by the end of the year. The parties also plan signing a deal for the erection of monuments in memory of the losses sustained by Turkey and Russia in the Battle of Sarıkamış.

Disagreement over Assad in Syria

The two countries have visible disagreements in terms of international issues. The parties hold different views on Syria, Ukraine and Cyprus. Moscow, strongly opposed to the overthrow of President Bashar al-Assad in Syria, has warned Turkey not to support the opposition and to remain alert with respect to the terror organizations in the region.

Ankara, viewing the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and Assad as major threats, has underlined that a comprehensive strategy should be followed to address both. Moscow, on the other hand, is opposed to attempts to overthrow Assad. Before Putin‘s visit to Turkey, Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Muallim will be in Moscow on Nov. 26-27.

International relations expert Alexander Sotnichenko from Saint Petersburg State University says Putin will ask Erdoğan in his visit to Ankara to change Turkey’s Syria policy. Noting that the Arab Spring revolutions are no longer effective, Sotnichenko also says: “Turkey will have to reconsider its policy on Syria.”

Russia is strongly opposed to a military operation for the settlement of the Syrian crisis and stresses that a process of political dialogue involving all the parties should be resumed.

Crimea issue in Ukraine

Crimea’s annexation by Russia and the civil war in eastern Ukraine have changed the geopolitical balances in the region. Analysts stress that international actors have come to the brink of a new Cold War in the global arena. Ankara, on the other hand, strongly criticizes Moscow’s moves. Ankara, which does not recognize the annexation, places emphasis upon the preservation of the territorial integrity of Ukraine. The Kremlin has also taken note of Erdoğan’s remarks blaming Russia for the downing of the Malaysian aircraft. The problems Crimean Tatars are experiencing will also be discussed in the meeting in Ankara.

Putin to travel to Egypt, too

Putin holds a different view from that of Erdoğan with regard to the coup in Egypt. The Kremlin has extended its support to President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi. Russia and Egypt are improving bilateral ties in a number of fields, including the military. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Mikhail Bogdanov has announced that Putin will pay a visit to Egypt in early 2015.

Turkey moving away from the West

Moscow pays attention to Ankara’s foreign policy moves taken independently from the US. Despite disagreements, rapprochement between Turkey and Russia is possible because of the anti-American stance in Ankara.

Former Duma deputy Sergey Markov says Washington has waged a war against Russia and that this provides an opportunity for Moscow to reconsider relations with Turkey. Markov further says: “Today, the US is fighting Russia; take the sanctions. But Turkey does not directly support these moves. By such independent choices, Turkey is getting out from under American control. Washington is doing something in Turkey. Turkey is improving its relations with Russia. This is particularly visible in the field of economy. There is a good friendship going on between [Putin] and [Erdoğan]. Erdoğan is even called Turkey’s Putin.

“The American war against Russia will end eventually, and when this happens, Turkish-Russian relations will improve further. I am sure that after these developments, Turkey will become a member of the Eurasian Union. Turkey is moving away from the West. This is what is supposed to be. Turkey may make different choices if the EU does not pay attention and may come closer to Russia.”

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